Analysis of the Role of the United Nations World Food Program in the Universal Food System and its Distribution
Keywords:Food policies, public sector, private sector, Covid-19, UN World Food Programme
In the face of global phenomena such as demographic change, increasing global population, climate change, and changes in agricultural production, sustainability problems arising from effective food systems are highly discussed today. It is an expected fact that this problem will probably become more severe in the future. Because the current food production and consumption is far from sustainable, a more pessimistic picture emerges when we add that poverty rates have increased in recent years and that millions of people cannot healthily obtain food. Considering that we are faced with long-term problems with the inadequacy of current policies, it is inevitable that food policies should be reviewed together with an urgent action plan. While doing this, it is necessary to pay attention to the policies that affect the access of food consumers to food, functional value chains, fair market environments, infrastructure and stability policies. In particular, important innovations and new understandings emerge regarding the micro-foundations of political decision-making, the influence of political institutions and ideology, and the role of the media. In addition, the influence of national and international non-governmental organizations as well as private sector organizations play an essential role in shaping food environments. The agriculture and food sector comes into sight as an ideal field of science to study the political economy of public policies. In this direction, this article examines how the public and private sectors use the existing policies in the food literature; What steps have been taken to ensure food supply; Food price increases due to inflation increases experienced during the Covid-19 period; and finally, it discusses the role of the United Nations World Food Program in food production and transportation in the national and international arena.